C++

MFC开发(一)简单同步时间应用程序


看了一个垃圾程序的架构,mmp真坑,自己费了一点功夫才搞定,就直接记录下吧,这个是windows简单的应用程序,但是里面有点复杂,我们需要首先建立一个基于mfc的appwinzard程序,(凭记忆写的,不知道单词有没有错误),然后我们直接在winmain类中添加下面的变量

# include<time.h>

# define WM_CLOCK USER+20
# define WM_CLOCK_INTERVAL 1000

struct tm *newdate;
time_t long_date;
TCHAR szTimerTitle[MAXSTRING];

加下来由于我们调用了time.h文件,但是我们并没有含有这个文件,我们这个时候直接生成time.h的文件,内部代码如下:

//<time.h>
#if     _MSC_VER > 1000
#pragma once
#endif

#ifndef _INC_TIME
#define _INC_TIME

#if     !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(_MAC)
#error ERROR: Only Mac or Win32 targets supported!
#endif


#ifdef  _MSC_VER
/*
 * Currently, all MS C compilers for Win32 platforms default to 8 byte
 * alignment.
 */
#pragma pack(push,8)
#endif  /* _MSC_VER */

#ifdef  __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif



/* Define _CRTIMP */

#ifndef _CRTIMP
#ifdef  _DLL
#define _CRTIMP __declspec(dllimport)
#else   /* ndef _DLL */
#define _CRTIMP
#endif  /* _DLL */
#endif  /* _CRTIMP */


/* Define __cdecl for non-Microsoft compilers */

#if     ( !defined(_MSC_VER) && !defined(__cdecl) )
#define __cdecl
#endif

/* Define _CRTAPI1 (for compatibility with the NT SDK) */

#ifndef _CRTAPI1
#if    _MSC_VER >= 800 && _M_IX86 >= 300
#define _CRTAPI1 __cdecl
#else
#define _CRTAPI1
#endif
#endif

#ifndef _MAC
#ifndef _WCHAR_T_DEFINED
typedef unsigned short wchar_t;
#define _WCHAR_T_DEFINED
#endif
#endif  /* ndef _MAC */

/* Define the implementation defined time type */

#ifndef _TIME_T_DEFINED
typedef long time_t;        /* time value */
#define _TIME_T_DEFINED     /* avoid multiple def's of time_t */
#endif

#ifndef _CLOCK_T_DEFINED
typedef long clock_t;
#define _CLOCK_T_DEFINED
#endif

#ifndef _SIZE_T_DEFINED
typedef unsigned int size_t;
#define _SIZE_T_DEFINED
#endif


/* Define NULL pointer value */

#ifndef NULL
#ifdef __cplusplus
#define NULL    0
#else
#define NULL    ((void *)0)
#endif
#endif


#ifndef _TM_DEFINED
struct tm {
        int tm_sec;     /* seconds after the minute - [0,59] */
        int tm_min;     /* minutes after the hour - [0,59] */
        int tm_hour;    /* hours since midnight - [0,23] */
        int tm_mday;    /* day of the month - [1,31] */
        int tm_mon;     /* months since January - [0,11] */
        int tm_year;    /* years since 1900 */
        int tm_wday;    /* days since Sunday - [0,6] */
        int tm_yday;    /* days since January 1 - [0,365] */
        int tm_isdst;   /* daylight savings time flag */
        };
#define _TM_DEFINED
#endif


/* Clock ticks macro - ANSI version */

#define CLOCKS_PER_SEC  1000


/* Extern declarations for the global variables used by the ctime family of
 * routines.
 */

/* non-zero if daylight savings time is used */
_CRTIMP extern int _daylight;

/* offset for Daylight Saving Time */
_CRTIMP extern long _dstbias;

/* difference in seconds between GMT and local time */
_CRTIMP extern long _timezone;

/* standard/daylight savings time zone names */
_CRTIMP extern char * _tzname[2];


/* Function prototypes */

_CRTIMP char * __cdecl asctime(const struct tm *);
_CRTIMP char * __cdecl ctime(const time_t *);
_CRTIMP clock_t __cdecl clock(void);
_CRTIMP double __cdecl difftime(time_t, time_t);
_CRTIMP struct tm * __cdecl gmtime(const time_t *);
_CRTIMP struct tm * __cdecl localtime(const time_t *);
_CRTIMP time_t __cdecl mktime(struct tm *);
_CRTIMP size_t __cdecl strftime(char *, size_t, const char *,
        const struct tm *);
_CRTIMP char * __cdecl _strdate(char *);
_CRTIMP char * __cdecl _strtime(char *);
_CRTIMP time_t __cdecl time(time_t *);

#ifdef  _POSIX_
_CRTIMP void __cdecl tzset(void);
#else
_CRTIMP void __cdecl _tzset(void);
#endif

/* --------- The following functions are OBSOLETE --------- */
/* The Win32 API GetLocalTime and SetLocalTime should be used instead. */
unsigned __cdecl _getsystime(struct tm *);
unsigned __cdecl _setsystime(struct tm *, unsigned);
/* --------- The preceding functions are OBSOLETE --------- */


#ifndef _SIZE_T_DEFINED
typedef unsigned int size_t;
#define _SIZE_T_DEFINED
#endif

#ifndef _MAC
#ifndef _WTIME_DEFINED

/* wide function prototypes, also declared in wchar.h */
 
_CRTIMP wchar_t * __cdecl _wasctime(const struct tm *);
_CRTIMP wchar_t * __cdecl _wctime(const time_t *);
_CRTIMP size_t __cdecl wcsftime(wchar_t *, size_t, const wchar_t *,
        const struct tm *);
_CRTIMP wchar_t * __cdecl _wstrdate(wchar_t *);
_CRTIMP wchar_t * __cdecl _wstrtime(wchar_t *);

#define _WTIME_DEFINED
#endif
#endif  /* ndef _MAC */


#if     !__STDC__ || defined(_POSIX_)

/* Non-ANSI names for compatibility */

#define CLK_TCK  CLOCKS_PER_SEC

_CRTIMP extern int daylight;
_CRTIMP extern long timezone;
_CRTIMP extern char * tzname[2];

_CRTIMP void __cdecl tzset(void);

#endif  /* __STDC__ */


#ifdef  __cplusplus
}
#endif

#ifdef  _MSC_VER
#pragma pack(pop)
#endif  /* _MSC_VER */

#endif  /* _INC_TIME */

接着我们在initinstance类里添加如下函数:

DrawText(hdc, szTimerTitle, strlen(szTimerTitle), &rt, DT_CENTER);





case WM_TIMER:
            if(wParam == WM_TIMER_CLOCK)
            {
            time(&long_date);                   //获取时间
            newdate=localtime(&long_date);   //转化为本地时间
            memset(szTimerTitle,0,sizeof(szTimerTitle));
            strcpy(szTimerTitle,asctime(newdate));   //打印时间            
            UpdateWindow(hWnd);    
            break;
            }

这个程序其实并没有多少东西,但是主要自己智商时常不在线,在进行重做的时候有点zz,导致自己的分析过程短路。是以后应该避免的。


作者:kailicard,发布于:2019/01/14
原文:https://www.cnblogs.com/kk328/p/10252834.html