Python爬虫5-利用usergent伪装访问方式


GitHub代码练习地址:https://github.com/Neo-ML/PythonPractice/blob/master/SpiderPrac08_useragent.py


UserAgent

UserAgent: 用户代理,简称UA, 属于heads的一部分,服务器通过UA来判断访问者身份
常见的UA值如下,使用的时候可以直接复制粘贴,也可以用浏览器访问的时候抓包:
1.Android

Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; Android 4.1.1; Nexus 7 Build/JRO03D) AppleWebKit/535.19 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/18.0.1025.166 Safari/535.19
Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; U; Android 4.0.4; en-gb; GT-I9300 Build/IMM76D) AppleWebKit/534.30 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0 Mobile Safari/534.30
Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; U; Android 2.2; en-gb; GT-P1000 Build/FROYO) AppleWebKit/533.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/4.0 Mobile Safari/533.1

2.Firefox

Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; WOW64; rv:21.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/21.0
Mozilla/5.0 (Android; Mobile; rv:14.0) Gecko/14.0 Firefox/14.0

3.Google Chrome

Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/27.0.1453.94 Safari/537.36
Mozilla/5.0 (Linux; Android 4.0.4; Galaxy Nexus Build/IMM76B) AppleWebKit/535.19 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/18.0.1025.133 Mobile Safari/535.19

4.iOS

Mozilla/5.0 (iPad; CPU OS 5_0 like Mac OS X) AppleWebKit/534.46 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/5.1 Mobile/9A334 Safari/7534.48.3
Mozilla/5.0 (iPod; U; CPU like Mac OS X; en) AppleWebKit/420.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/3.0 Mobile/3A101a Safari/419.3

设置UA可以通过两种方式:
heads
add_header

作者:NeoML,发布于:2019/03/15
原文:https://www.cnblogs.com/sl0309/p/10534559.html